A Look at 3 Common Orthopedic Issues in Children

Kids FeetPediatric orthopedics identifies a number of development challenges faced by young children as they grow. In most cases, a child’s bones will develop normally as they age, even with these challenges.

As your child grows, their condition will likely correct itself without treatment. However, sometimes these conditions can worsen as a result of medical conditions. Here are three types of developmental problems in pediatric orthopedics.

1. Bowlegs

Bowlegs is a condition where a child’s legs bend inward from the knees down. It’s common in infants, but generally goes away as the child grows older.

Children who are bowlegged in one leg, or those for whom it gets worse as they age, may be experiencing a bone disease such as rickets or Blount disease.

If your child still shows symptoms of being bowlegged at the age of 2 or older, or if it’s present in only one leg, you should visit a doctor for an exam.

2. Knock-Knees

Having knock-knees is a condition similar to bowlegs, however the legs turn outward below the knee. Children between the ages of 3 and 6 commonly experience mild knock-knees as part of their bone development.

If your child has severe knock-knees, or if it appears to be worse on one side, they may need treatment. If your child experiences pain or difficulty walking from the condition, surgery may be needed to correct the condition.

3. In-Toeing

In-toeing, also called pigeon-toe, is a condition identified by pediatric orthopedics that causes the feet to turn inward. It’s normal for the legs of babies to turn inward during their first year of life. As they learn to walk, this becomes more noticeable, but eventually resolves as they grow.

There are a number of reasons for children older than 3 to experience in-toeing. Cerebral palsy and developmental conditions with the femur or tibia leg bones are common causes.