What is a concussion?
Trauma to the body causes rapid acceleration and/or deceleration of the head/brain
Results in any typical symptoms, or any alteration in mental status, neurological functioning
No evidence of a more severe Traumatic Brain Injury
- May occur without a direct blow to the head
- Often does not involve loss of consciousness (occurs 10% or less)
- Relatively immediate onset of symptoms, but may evolve over several hours
- Symptoms and signs worsen with physical or cognitive exertion; or overstimulation
- Symptoms and signs should gradually improve with proper rest
Progressive worsening of symptoms/signs should prompt immediate evaluation for more severe Traumatic Brian Injury
RED FLAGS: Call your doctor or go to the emergency department with ANY of these symptoms!
- Worsening headache
- Very drowsy/can’t be awakened
- Can’t recognize people or places
- Unusual behavior change
- Repeated vomiting
- Increasing confusion
- Increasing irritability
- Neck pain
- Slurred speech
- Weakness or numbness in arms or legs
- Loss of consciousness
What To Do When A Concussion Is Suspected
- Remove from play: Any athlete who has one or more of these symptoms and is suspected of having a concussion must be removed from play and must not return to any practice or game on the same day.
- Evaluate athlete using On-Field Concussion Evaluation tool and monitor athlete for worsening symptoms every 5-15 minutes.
- DO NOT leave athlete alone or let athlete drive a motor vehicle.
NOTE: Even athletes with less than 15 minutes of on-field symptoms, can have brain impairment lasting up to one week.
DO NOT RETURN TO PLAY ON SAME DAY!