Trauma School Nurse Webinar Series #6

Screening Tools and Empirically Supported Treatments
The Child PTSD Symptom Scale

Child and adolescent needs and strengths (CANS)
CANS – English ages 6-17
CANS – Spanish ages 6-17
Additional CANS resources

UCLA PTSD Reaction Index
Training video
Reaction Index

CRIES (Children’s Revised Impact of Event Scale)
Freely accessible. Instructions and forms available at:
American Academy of Pediatrics Publication
English 8 Question Version
Spanish 8 Question Version
English 13 Question Version
Spanish 13 Question Version

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) Training

Cognitive Behavioral Intervention in School (CBITS)

Stein et al., 2003
Teacher Training

Articles on Screening Tools
A Systematic Review of Trauma Screen Measures for Children and Adolescents.
Eklund, K., Rossen, E., Koriakin, T., Chafouleas, S.M., Resnick, C., (2018). A systematic review of trauma screen measures for children and adolescents. School Psychology Quarterly, 33, 30-43. DOI: 10453830/18/512.00.

The Child PTSD Symptom Scale
Foa, E. B., Johnson, K. M., Feeny, N. C., & Treadwell, K. R. H. (2001). The Child PTSD Symptom Scale: A preliminary examination of its psychometric properties. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30(3), 376-384.

Child and adolescent needs and strengths (CANS)
Kisiel, C., Lyons, J.S., Blaustein, M., Fehrenbach, T., Griffin, G., Germain, J., Saxe, G., Ellis, H., Praed Foundation, & National Child Traumatic Stress Network. (2011). Child and adolescent needs and strengths (CANS) manual: The NCTSN CANS Comprehensive – Trauma Version: A comprehensive information integration tool for children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events. Chicago, IL: Praed Foundation/Los Angeles, CA & Durham, NC: National Center for Child Traumatic Stress.

UCLA PTSD Reaction Index
Steinberg AM, Brymer MJ, Kim S, Ghosh C, Ostrowski SA, Gulley K, , Briggs, EC, Pynoos, RS (2013). Psychometric properties of the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index: Part 1, Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26, 1-9.
Steinberg, A. M., Brymer, M., Decker, K., & Pynoos, R. S. (2004). The UCLA PTSD Reaction Index. Current Psychiatry Reports, 6, 96-100.

Treatment Guides and PDF Resources
American Academy of Pediatrics
Trauma Guide – many resources for those dealing with trauma personally or for helping others who have experienced trauma

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Principles of Prevention – Trainings, infographics and resources

What every Teacher Should Know

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Practice Parameters (Cohen et al., 2010)

American Psychological Association Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – 2017

Gaskell and the British Psychological Society: Practice Guidelines (2005)

Tips for Helping Children and Youth Cope After a Traumatic Event

APA Presidential Task Force on PTSD and Trauma in Children and Adolescents
Children and Trauma: Tips for Mental Health Professionals.

American Psychological Association
Responding to Trauma in Schools

National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Age-Related Reactions to a Traumatic Event

American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, & Suicide Prevention Resource Center. (2018).
After a suicide: A toolkit for schools (2nd ed.)

Helping Children and Youth Who Have Traumatic Experiences

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Coping with Grief after a Disaster or Traumatic Event.

Austin Area Referrals for Anxiety Treatment
Psychiatric Emergency Services
(PES – mobile unit): 512-472-4357

Austin Travis County Integral Care
Psychiatric Emergency Services: 512-454-3521

Texas Child Study Center


Austin Child Guidance Center (ACGC)

24-hour Mobile Crisis Outreach Team (MCOT)
Team members will come to your location to assess the situation and plan next steps.

  • Bastrop, Elgin, Georgetown, Giddings, Gonzales, Hutto, La Grange, Luling, Marble Falls, Round Rock, Schulenburg, Seguin, and Taylor Counties: 1-800-841-1255
  • Bandera, Blanco, Comal, Edwards, Gillespie, Hays, Kendall, Kerr, Kimble, Kinney, Llano, Mason, Medina, Menard, Real, Schleicher, Sutton, Uvalde, and Val Verde Counties: 1-877-466-0660

Websites and Organizations
The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) Website

Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS) Website

Bartlett, J. D., Griffin, J. L., Spinazzola, J., Fraser, J. G., Noroña, C. R., Bodian, R., … & Barto, B. (2018). The impact of a statewide trauma-informed care initiative in child welfare on the well-being of children and youth with complex trauma. Children and Youth Services Review, 84, 110-117.

Felitti, V.J., Anda, R.F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D.F., Spitz, A.M., Edwards, V., . . . Marks, J.S. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of he leading causes of death in adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14, 245-258.

Larkin H, Shields JJ, Anda RF. The health and social consequences of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) across the lifespan: an introduction to prevention and intervention in the community. J Prev Interv Community.2012;40(4):263-70.

Nock, M. K., Green, J.G., Hwang, I., McLaughlin, K.A., Sampson, N.A., Zaslavsky, A.M., & Kessler, R.C. (2013). Prevalence, correlates, and treatment of lifetime suicidal behavior among adolescents: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement. JAMA psychiatry, 70(3), 300-310.

Posner, K., Melvin, G. A., Stanley, B., Oquendo, M. A., & Gould, M. (2007). Factors in the assessment of suicidality in youth. CNS spectrums, 12, 156-162.

Santiago, C. D., Raviv, T., & Jaycox, L. H. (2018). Creating healing school communities: School-based interventions for students exposed to trauma. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Additional Resources
CDC Streaming Health. “We Can Prevent ACEs.” ( 2018)