An incident is typically an illness or injury that does or potentially could involve emergency response measures. Examples of incidents include an asthma attack that does not respond to the care plan or a playground fall resulting in a bone fracture. By protocol, EMS is contacted whenever medications such as diazepam or epinephrine are administered. Such contacts may not necessitate transport, and parents may instead take their child to a health provider or home. It could also be a situation that has the potential to cause significant harm. The incidents represented in these data are those that involved SHS staff providing care. There were a total of 1127 incidents documented in SY 2012-13. Of these, 62 of the ill/injured were AISD or SHS staff or visitors on campus, and 1065 involved students. Further analysis in this report focuses on student incidents.
Of the total 1065 student health incidents, 159 required Emergency Medical System contact and 115 students were transported via EMS to the Emergency Department (ED). An additional known 270 incidents resulted in a parent taking a child to ED. This was most common among elementary students, where 129 were taken to ED by a parent. The increase over prior years of parent transport to ED initiated further exploration of the data and discussion with staff. Findings include consensus that there were more playground injuries, many of which did not necessitate EMS contact. It was noted that the data collection system does not currently provide a means to document that a parent indicated they were taking their child to a health provider other than ED. Excluding parent transports to ED, 10.8% of incidents were transported to ED, more comparable to prior years.
There were fewer incidents involving high school students than at the lower grade levels, but more of the high school incidents involved EMS, reflecting their severity. Elementary students were more likely to be seen in ED, transported by their parent, than at the other grade levels.
Incidents due to student injury substantially exceed those due to illness. Analysis of injury incidents allows for the identification of safety improvements that could prevent future injuries. When an incident involves an identified hazard on campus, the circumstances are called to the attention of the principal for remediation, shared with the campus safety team and the District safety team. There was a decrease in injury incidents compared to the prior year for all three grade levels. *Denotes that beginning in SY 2012-13, elementary students include those in grades EE-grade 5, middle school students include those in grades 6-8 regardless of the campus, and high school students are those in grades 9-12.