Children's Sleep Disorder Center
Sleep Disorder Glossary
- Bi-Level Positive Airway Pressure/BiPAP (Bi-Level/BiPap): A ventilation machine that uses an electric circuit to monitor the breathing of a child with sleep apnea.
- Circadian Rhythm Disorder: A disruption in the child's "internal body clock" that regulates the normal "24-hour" biological cycle.
- Co-Bedding of Multiple Birth Babies: When these multiple babies are born and placed in separate beds, they may be difficult to comfort and settle without the presence of the other baby or babies. Co-bedding gives the babies back the comfort of the other multiples and may help them develop similar sleep and wake patterns.
- Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Titration(CPAP Titration): A study to treat sleep apnea by having the patient wear a mask which is attached to a machine that will send air into the nasal passages using pressure.
- CPAP: A machine that is used to help children with sleep apnea breathe during sleep by applying continuous pressure to the airways; have one level of pressure.
- Electroencephalogram (EEG): A test that measures the electrical activity in the brain, called brain waves. An EEG measures brain waves through small button electrodes that are placed on your child's scalp.
- Healthy Sleep Habits
- Infant Sleep
- Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT): A nap study to measure a child's level of daytime sleepiness.
- Narcolepsy: A chronic sleep disorder affecting regular sleep-wake cycles. A child with this condition is excessively sleepy during the day and has a hard time staying awake.
- Newborn - Sleep Patterns
- Night Terrors: A partial waking from sleep with behaviors such as screaming, kicking, panic, sleep walking, thrashing, or mumbling.
- Nightmares: Scary dreams that awaken children and make them afraid to go back to sleep.
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A type of sleep apnea that occurs when a child stops breathing during periods of sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea is most commonly found in children between three to six years of age and can be caused by enlarged tonsils.
- Parasomnias: Disruptive sleep disorders such as nightmares, night terrors and sleepwalking.
- Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS): A sleep disorder characterized by tingling sensations in the legs and an uncontrollable urge to move them.
- Sleep Apnea: A common disorder characterized by one or more pauses in breathing during sleep.
- Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS): The sudden and unexplained death of an infant under 1 year of age. The death is sudden, unpredictable and occurs quickly, usually during sleep time.